Comparative Law in general is the study of how laws within different countries are different from one another. In other words, it involves studying the many different legal systems that exists in the world today. These legal systems include civil laws, common laws, canon laws, socialist law, and so on. It includes an analysis of the foreign legal systems even if no explicit comparison has been undertaken. Comparison law has become very important due to the age of internationalism, democratization, as well as economic globalization.
Authority on Competitive Law – Sujit Choudhry
Sujit Choudhry is internationally recognized as an authority on comparative constitutional law. Professor Choudhry combines a very wide ranging research agenda with the experience that he has had as an advisor to the constitution building process in such areas as Egypt, Libya, Jordan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, South Africa, Ukraine and Tunisia. Within his travels he has lectured in more than twenty four countries. His extensive research speaks of the constitutional design as a tool in order to manage the transition from a violent conflict to a peaceful democratic politics within ethnically divided societies; decentralization as well as secession; constitutional courts; federalism; minority and group rights; semi-presidentialism; bills of rights and proportionality; constitution building; transitions from authoritarian to democratic rule; official language policy, as well as security sector oversight.
Professor Choudhry is the actual Founding Director of the Center for Constitutional Transitions, which mobilizes as well as generates knowledge in order to support constitution building. Current projects that are underway are “Security Sector Reform and Constitutional Transitions in Emerging Democracies”, “Dealing with Territorial Cleavages in Constitutional Transitions”, as well as “Security Sector Oversight: Protecting Democratic Consolidation from Authoritarian Backsliding and Partisan Abuse”. Professor Choudhry is also a revered member of the United Nations Mediation Roster, as well as being a consultant to the United Nations Development Program and the World Bank Institute.